There is so much news regarding China that we will just have to cover a few major points. First, we have long contended that China is not monolithic although it is a very controlled society. These are not mutually exclusive.
There are at least three major power blocks in China and they are not always in sync. The Chinese Communist Party wields the most official authority. The People's Liberation Army (PLA) may have the most power but not the most authority. And, the business community has proven necessary to China's march to dominance. Occasionally, the Party reigns in the military. But sometimes the military disregards the Party. Both the PLA and Party need the economic engine provided by the business community although the businesses yield the least authority and the least power. There are reports of business leaders who have displeased the Party (or embarrassed them) being swiftly eliminated.
Society is controlled. We know this because China has enforced a strict one child policy that has resulted in parents abandoning or killing children. Sex-selection abortions are common (and tragic). Most recently, the State has cracked down on public dancing. This is the town from Footloose on a national scale with over a billion people.
Where is Kevin Bacon when you really need him?
We do know that the poster child for Chinese economic strength, Alibaba, is really struggling. We warned about Alibaba right as it debuted on the NYSE and then peaked near $120/share. It was a Wall Street darling. Now, it's on the cover of shame in the current BARRONs as the share price fell to $60.
Now, with that in mind, consider some of the other recent China headlines:
- The PLA has been running some pretty interesting military drills. Some of these were on land with the Russians (largest ever last month).
- Others were off the coast of Alaska when the President was in Alaska.
- The Communist Party has demanded an overhaul of the PLA with a reduction in troop strength of over 300,000. Where the money goes will be interesting. Will it stay in the PLA for modernizing or be used by the government to prop up the economy?
- China has been operating a major spy network in the United States and our government is concerned.
Chinese cyber hacking has gotten so intense that the U.S. government is threatening sanctions.
[Just ignore that John Kerry said that sanctioning China would result in the dollar losing its reserve currency status.]
- China has abandoned any pretense of a free and open stock market and this has spooked international investors like Dr. Mark Mobius of Templeton. China has been seeking Wall Street advice on how to manipulate share prices after watching trillions of dollars worth in share prices evaporate. China has blamed speculators and the United States for attacking their stock market. [Of course, even the former head of the NYSE recently has admitted that our market is basically manipulated as well. But that's a story for another day.]
- China has been dumping their holdings of US debt presumably to prop up the Yuan and their stock market. The total through early September was about $236 billion. Of course, a Chinese publication gloated in 2011 that dumping bonds would be an economic weapon to destroy the U.S. dollar. And we know that since 2013, the Chinese have wanted to "de-Americanize the world." So, is the selling because of domestic weakness or a deliberate attack opportunely timed? In the PLA-published Unrestricted Warfare, the Chinese authors argued that such moves could be hidden "in the forests of free market economics." And, the 2011 Chinese Communist Party publication was very specific. Consider this quote in which the author suggests beginning a dumping of American debt at such a time as it will be seen as market driven. When the move is understood to be economic warfare, it would be presumably too late to stop.
"This approach is market-driven, so others will not be able to easily blame China. It is a good solution, and also we will not owe anyone anything for the favor of becoming our partner. The key issue is that China must have people who understand the market well and are good at using the market at the right time to impact the exchange rate of the U.S. currency. Of course, the most important condition is still that China must have enough courage to challenge the U.S. currency. China can act in one of two ways. One is to sell U.S. dollar reserves, and the second is not to buy any U.S. dollars for a certain period of time."
[You should really take time to read this article from Quishi in its entirety as it discusses many matters currently in the headlines including military exercises, encouraging the Saudis to abandon the petrodollar, Space War, public opinion war, etc. And, it fits Putin's master plans to destroy the dollar as well.]
When you add all of this together, it does make for the proverbial Chinese curse: We live in interesting times indeed!
It is important to carefully monitor all of these items, especially what happens if the Chinese do any further selling of their American debt. Interestingly, their substantial selling to date has had few serious repercussions. On the other hand, the dollar and American bonds didn't really rally when the stock market dropped so sharply either. The two forces appeared to cancel out one another at least so far. But there are serious concerns if the Chinese keep selling along with the Saudis and others begin to join them. Couple that with the admission of Secretary Kerry that "there are rumblings" regarding the dollar losing its reserve currency status.
Don't assume that a Fed rate hike will necessarily strengthen the dollar either. There are many other forces at work and history has shown a depreciating currency after a Fed rate hike according to David Kelly of JP Morgan Chase.
And, we are in the midst of a global currency war so it's hard to tell which would be worse, a stronger or weaker dollar. A stronger dollar imports deflation and a collapsing one risks hyperinflation.
So, are the Chinese simply "in over their heads" with a struggling economy and internal strife? Or, perhaps this is part of a sinister and long-standing PLA plot with Putin to harm America (knowing it would hurt China short term but willing to suffer for greater victory). It's hard to tell at this point and either remains possible. We may learn more when Chinese President Xi visits Washington. But the tea leaves are giving us warnings. The global economy is fragile and economic belligerence is rising. That's not a good combination.